Williams, Selina. Wall Street Journal, Eastern edition [New York, N.Y] 22 Mar 2016: B.2.
LONDON -- Swiss petrochemicals giant Ineos Group Holdings SA plans to accept the first American shipment of a type of shale gas to Europe on Wednesday -- a milestone that marks the opening up of a new market for American energy producers trying to sell a glut of the fuel.
The ship is carrying a type of natural-gas liquid known as ethane that was extracted from the Marcellus Shale in western Pennsylvania, where companies such as Range Resources Corp. and Consol Energy Inc. have been looking to diversify the markets for their ethane because of pipeline and storage limitations.
The shipment is the first seaborne export of ethane to Europe from the U.S., Ineos said, another sign of how the North American shale boom has transformed the global energy map.
The recent ramp-up in U.S. shale oil production has challenged Saudi Arabia's sway over international oil markets.
"We know that shale-gas economics revitalized U.S. manufacturing, and for the first time Europe can access this important energy and raw material source too," said Ineos Chairman and founder Jim Ratcliffe.
Ethane is a component of natural gas that is separated out and often turned into a liquid for transporting. It is used to make plastics for food and medical packaging, among others.
Ineos's shipments from the U.S. are underpinned by a 15-year contract with Range Resources, one of the most active drillers in Pennsylvania, and Consol Energy, another independent exploration-and-production company drilling in the Marcellus Shale.
Ethane has been among the worst-performing commodity markets, and the companies have spearheaded an effort to ship it to new customers on the Gulf Coast, in Canada and abroad. "Certainly new end-user markets for our products outside of the Appalachian basin are vital to" the industry's growth, said Consol spokesman Brian Aiello.
Adding customers abroad would help stabilize U.S. producers, which could convince domestic buyers that they can count on rising supply, he added. Unlike crude oil and natural gas, ethane isn't restricted for export from the U.S. But a lack of transportation options has limited exports to pipelines.
The ethane cargo left the Marcus Hook terminal near Philadelphia on March 9.
Jeff Ventura, president, chairman and CEO of Range Resources, said the deal "was an incredibly creative solution to what was at one time viewed as a problem -- what to do with our ethane."
Ineos plans to use the ethane at its petrochemical plant in Rafnes in Norway.
By 2020, the company said it aims to be importing about eight shipments a month from the U.S. to supply its European petrochemical facilities and refinery as well as an ethylene plant owned by Royal Dutch Shell PLC and Exxon Mobil Corp. in Scotland.
The ethane shipment comes as Europe's leaders have long been hoping that U.S. shale gas would help the bloc reduce its reliance on gas from Russia, which provides around a third of the region's supplies.
The ethane from Ineos's shipment won't be a substitute for Russian gas, which is mostly methane, but it will help to lower prices, said Karen Sund, partner at Norway-based Sund Energy consultancy.
Tim Puko contributed to this article.
Credit: By Selina Williams