BioXcel Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: BTAI), a biopharmaceutical company utilizing artificial intelligence to develop transformative medicines in neuroscience and immuno-oncology, today announced positive overall survival (OS) data from its Phase 2 trial of BXCL701, the Company's investigational oral innate immune activator, in combination with KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) of adenocarcinoma phenotype, the most common form of the disease. As of a September 6, 2023 data cutoff, evaluable patients with adenocarcinoma (n=29) showed a median OS of 15.5 months (95% CI 9.6NR), and a 12-month survival rate of 59%.
Patients with mCRPC who have failed androgen deprivation and taxane-based chemotherapy have few remaining treatment options and, unfortunately, KEYTRUDA to date has not shown additional benefit in this setting, said Vincent J. ONeill, M.D., Chief R&D Officer, OnkosXcel Therapeutics, a wholly owned subsidiary of BioXcel Therapeutics. Therefore, we are highly encouraged by these combination data bearing in mind historical data with checkpoint inhibitor monotherapy. In addition, we now have a second positive dataset in a separate cold tumor histology, further increasing our belief that BXCL701 has the potential to inflame the tumor microenvironment of cold tumors, thereby sensitizing them to checkpoint inhibition. We believe the data warrant further evaluation of BXCL701 in this setting and look forward to determining the development path for this program following our end of Phase 2 meeting with the FDA scheduled for December.
In 2023 in the United States, there are expected to be an estimated 288,3002 new patients with prostate cancer, which is classified as a cold tumor. Of those, 20% are expected to advance to mCRPC, a form of advanced prostate cancer that is no longer responding to testosterone-lowering hormone treatments and has spread to other areas of the body such as the lymph nodes, bones, bladder, rectum, liver, or lungs. Approximately 80% of mCRPC cases are of the adenocarcinoma phenotype, which represent approximately 46,128 patients.
In addition to the new OS data, the Company recently presented an update on response rate data from the Phase 2 adenocarcinoma cohort at the Prostate Cancer Foundation Annual Scientific Retreat. The Company reported a RECIST partial response rate of 28% with a median duration of response of 19 months. This is in contrast to a RECIST response rate of 5% with a median duration of response of 16.8 months from the KEYNOTE-199 trial of pembrolizumab monotherapy in a similar patient population.
The Companys Phase 2 trial is an open-label, multicenter study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BXCL701 in combination with pembrolizumab in men with mCRPC of adenocarcinoma phenotype as well as in men with SCNC. Twenty-nine (29) evaluable adenocarcinoma patients received 0.3 mg of BXCL701 twice daily (BID) on days 1 through 14 of a 21-day cycle (0.2 mg BID the first week of Cycle 1) plus 200 mg of pembrolizumab administered intravenously on day 1 and every subsequent 21 days. The primary objective of the trial is a composite response rate defined as either objective response by RECIST 1.1 criteria and/or PSA50 and/or CTC count conversion. Secondary objectives include duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival, and biomarker evaluation as measured by changes in circulating cytokines and correlation of outcome with baseline tumor characteristics.
The Company is continuing to actively evaluate strategic options for OnkosXcel Therapeutics, including potential financing, strategic partnership, or M&A.