Moleculin Announces Updated Preliminary Safety Data for Annamycin in Its Three Phase 1 Clinical Tria | MBRX Message Board Posts

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Msg  59 of 63  at  1/20/2022 1:27:17 PM  by


Moleculin Announces Updated Preliminary Safety Data for Annamycin in Its Three Phase 1 Clinical Trials for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Metastases of Soft Tissue Sarcoma

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Moleculin Announces Updated Preliminary Safety Data for Annamycin in Its Three Phase 1 Clinical Trials for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Metastases of Soft Tissue Sarcoma


Moleculin Biotech, Inc., (Nasdaq: MBRX) ("Moleculin" or the "Company"), a clinical stage pharmaceutical company with a broad portfolio of drug candidates targeting highly resistant tumors and viruses, today reported that it has received an updated independent safety review of certain preliminary data for the first 30 patients in its three Phase 1 clinical trials with Annamycin targeting relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the metastases of soft tissue sarcoma to the lungs (STS Lung), which concluded there was no evidence of cardiotoxicity. The review included analysis of ejection fraction, echo strain and certain troponin levels intended to assess potential for both acute and chronic heart damage. Additionally, the Company reported evidence that Annamycin may have a substantially lower incidence of alopecia (hair loss) than currently prescribed anthracyclines such as doxorubicin. Although 65%-92% of patients treated with doxorubicin typically experience hair loss, the incidence to date in patients treated with Annamycin is less than 10%.[1] Alopecia is considered an important factor in quality of life for many cancer patients.

Two of the three clinical trials, as described more fully below, are ongoing and the data from those trials remain preliminary and are subject to change and future updates. The ongoing trials are both in the dose escalation phase (Phase 1) with the goal of determining the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D). In the course of this dose escalation, 19 of the 30 patients that have been reviewed to date have now been dosed above the lifetime maximum anthracycline limit currently set by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), further underscoring the potential for Annamycin to improve patient safety.

"Annamycin was designed to produce little to no cardiotoxicity, so we are pleased to see that this updated report continues to support that objective," commented Walter Klemp, Chairman and CEO of Moleculin. "This is a critical safety improvement in the field of anthracyclines since the risk of cardiotoxicity is the primary limitation in the use of currently prescribed anthracyclines. The apparent reduction in the incidence of hair loss is an added benefit that has the potential to significantly improve the quality of life for patients needing anthracycline therapy. We are also encouraged by the pace of recruitment for the STS Lung clinical trial and look forward to hopefully continuing the current pace of cohort updates. While the European AML trial has been slow in recruiting, we expect to announce an update regarding the next cohort in the first quarter of 2022."

An expert in assessing cardiotoxicity associated with chemotherapy at the Cleveland Clinic, the author of the independent review of Annamycin's cardiac safety data added, "Although anthracyclines continue to be a cornerstone of chemotherapy for many cancer indications, their use has been limited due to the threat of both acute and chronic cardiotoxicity. The availability of an anthracycline that eliminated this risk would be a major advancement in patient safety."

Dr. Sant Chawla, Director of the Sarcoma Oncology Center, Director of the Cancer Center of Southern California, and a Principal Investigator in Moleculin's STS Lung clinical trial concluded, "Patients often face difficult choices in an effort to balance the objectives of cancer therapy with quality of life. Having the ability to offer my patients a treatment alternative that substantially reduces the risk of alopecia would make Annamycin a valuable new alternative for patients who until now have had limited options."

Summary of Annamycin Clinical Trials

STS Lung Clinical Trial

The Phase 1b/2 study is an ongoing U.S. multi-center, open-label, single-arm study, which in its Phase 1b stage, will determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) and safety of Annamycin. The Phase 2 portion of the study will explore the efficacy of Annamycin as a single agent for the treatment of subjects with STS with lung metastases for whom prior chemotherapy has failed, and for whom new chemotherapy is considered appropriate. A minimum of three subjects will be enrolled in each cohort of the Phase 1b portion of the study until an MTD is identified, after which there will be a recommendation for the RP2D based on an assessment of both safety and efficacy. Up to 25 subjects will be enrolled at the RP2D in Phase 2 to further evaluate efficacy. The Company has now opened enrollment in the fourth cohort of the Phase 1b portion of the study with dosing increased to 390 mg/m2. Three subjects minimum (6 maximum) for this and each subsequent dosing cohort will be enrolled until a maximum tolerated dose is identified. Therefore, up to 36 subjects may be enrolled in the Phase 1b portion of the study.

AML Europe Phase 1/2 Clinical Trial

The Phase 1/2 AML trial in Poland remains ongoing and is currently dosing patients at 240 mg/m2. Under the previous protocol transient elevated liver enzymes (AST and ALT) observed in two patients were initially deemed to be a dose limiting toxicity (DLT), however investigators believed this would inappropriately limit the potential for continued dose escalation. An amendment to the Annamycin clinical trial protocol was therefore undertaken, which allows for a change in the DLT criteria as it relates to transient grade 3 elevations and allows for the dosing of three additional patients in the 240 mg/m2 cohort. If no DLT (as defined by the new criteria) is experienced with these next three patients, the Company plans to escalate dosing in new cohorts by 30 mg/m2 instead of the 60 mg/m2 previously planned, and with a de-escalation of 15 mg/m2 at the DLT dose if future patients experience a DLT.

AML US Phase 1/2 Clinical Trial

The results from the Phase 1 portion of the Company's U.S. Phase 1/2 clinical trial of Annamycin for the treatment of AML met its primary endpoint and demonstrated a clean safety profile with no evidence of cardiotoxicity when delivered to patients at or below the lifetime maximum anthracycline dose established by the FDA. The Company is awaiting data from its European AML trial prior to continuing with the Phase 2 portion of this trial.


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