“Immense therapeutic potential”—-NIH terminology
Msg 111151 of 111151 at 10/21/2019 10:09:57 AM by
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The following message was updated on 10/21/2019 10:12:40 AM.
In response to msg 110104 by mymorningsong view thread
Re: “Immense therapeutic potential”
NIH comment on the patents.
There have been attempts to downplay and minimize the transfer here of course.
Par for the course.
Rec taking note of the following quote from the NIH over wiki aces,fudsters here.
T Cell Receptors (TCRs) Specific for Mutant p53
Mutations in tumor protein p53 are expressed in a variety of human cancers such as colon, pancreatic, breast, and non-small cell lung cancer. P53 acts as a tumor suppressor by regulating cell division and DNA repair. Mutations of p53 reduce or eliminate its regulatory functions, contributing to cancer formation and progression. Novel therapeutics are needed that specifically target p53 mutations, as small molecule inhibitors lack sequence specificity.
T cell receptors (TCRs) are proteins expressed on the surface of T lymphocytes that can recognize peptide antigens from infected and malignant cells in the context of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules with exquisite specificity. Subsequent T cell activation leads to an immune response which aims to eliminate abnormal cells. TCRs may be further engineered to recognize specific tumor antigens. Adoptive transfer of these tumor antigen-specific TCR-engineered T cells into patients has been demonstrated as a promising cancer treatment strategy.
Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) identified T-cell receptors (TCRs) targeting a specific mutation in the p53 tumor suppressor, R175H, in the context of HLA-DRB1*13:01. The p53-R175H “hotspot” mutation occurs in ~4.5% of all cancers, and as such, is an attractive target for adoptive T cell immunotherapy. Normal tissue does not express the mutated p53 protein. Therefore, these TCRs are expected to specifically eliminate human cancer cells that express both the appropriate p53 mutant and HLA molecules upon adoptive transfer into patients. NCI researchers have shown that T cells with these TCRs can be purified and enriched from the peripheral blood leukocytes of cancer patients and respond to stimulation by p53-R175H synthetic peptides.
The Surgery Branch is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborating to further develop and/or license these TCRs targeting mutant p53 and the associated HLA molecule.
Potential Commercial Applications: Competitive Advantages:
Cellular immunotherapy against cancer
Treatment of various cancers expressing the p53-R175H mutant
Companion diagnostics based on detection of the p53-R175H mutation
p53-R175H is expressed in ~4.5% of all cancers and targeting this mutation has immense therapeutic potential
T cells targeting mutated p53 may be isolated from a patients’ own peripheral blood leukocyte pool and enriched or engineered for adoptive cell therapy
Drew Deniger (NCI) ➽ more inventions...
Parisa Malekzadeh (NCI) ➽ more inventions...
Steven Rosenberg (NCI) ➽ more inventions...
Application No. 62/867,619
Malekzadeh P, et al. Neoantigen screening identified broad TP53 mutant immunogenicity in patients with epithelial cancers. PMID: 30714987
Deniger DC, et al. T-cell responses to TP53 “hotspot” mutations and unique neoantigens expressed by human ovarian cancers. PMID: 29853601
Licensing and research collaboration